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2001流星花园免费观看完整

类型:午夜叫声电影在线播放 地区: 马来西亚 年份:2020-07-05

剧情介绍

Let’sLearntheInternationalPhoneticSymbols英语国际音标教学校本教材英语语音基本知识英语不同于汉语,它是拼音文字,在英语学习中,掌握英语语音基本知识是学习的基础。(一)语音:凡是人说出来用以交流思想或表达感情的声音都叫语音。当气流从肺部呼出,经过器官,声门,再经过口腔或鼻腔,受到发音器官的调节,就形成了不同的语音。(二)英语语音音素:英语语音音素是其语音最小的单位。记录音素的符号叫做音标。(三)国际音标:是由国际语音协会制订的一套语音符号。音标要放在/ /之间,以免和字母混淆。国际音标有48个,其中VOWELS(元音)20个,CONSONANTS(辅音)28个。英语辅音和元音在语言中的作用,就相当于汉语中的声母和韵母。VOWELS:IPA   KeyWord范例/i:/beef/ɪ/fish/e/bed/æ/bag/ɑ:/farmer/ʌ/brother/ɒ/doctor/ɔ:/door/ʊ/football/u:/ruler/ ɜ:/girl/ə/father/eɪ/name/aɪ/rice/ɔɪ/boy/ʊə/sure/ɪə/here/eə/chair/aʊ/how/əʊ/goCONSONANTS:IPA    KeyWord范例/p/pen/b/bag/ t/student/d/bread/ k/book/g/great/f/friend/v/very/θ/three/ð/this/tʃ/teacher/dʒ/July/s/salty/z/zoo/ʃ/short/ʒ/television/ h/horse/m/my/n/no/ŋ/English/w/what/ l/light/ r/red/ j/yes/tr/strict/dr/driver/ts/insects/dz/beds Period1前元音:/i://ɪ//e//æ/爆破辅音:/p//b// t//d// k//g/发音要领:前元音:发音时舌身在口腔的前部。前元音的发音特点是,它的口型由前至后,越张越大。爆破音:发音时气流要受到逼阻,然后突然放开使气流冲出,形成爆破音。共有6个三组。其中/p/,/ t/,/ k/是清辅音,/b/,/d/,/g/是浊辅音。拼读练习(拼读下列音标,写出字母,单词及意思):/i://pi://bi:// ti://di://bæg//bed//eg//bɪg//kæt//ɪt//′pi:′i://pɪg//æt/找找规则(你可以根据下列单词找出发音规则吗?):/i:/:e----heshemeea----teaeatmeatspeakcleanpleaseteacherteamee----beethreetreegreensheepmeetbeefseeie----piece/ɪ/:i----sitpictureitissixpigbige----deliciousbeginy----twentyhappysunnya----orangecabbage/e/:e----elephantlessonyesbetterbeddeska----manyanyea----headbreadheavy/æ/:a----handandanthappyhatmapbadblackgladman/p/:p----penpearplaypig/b/:b----bookbigbikebread/ t/:t----twotencity/d/:d----doordulldeskdodog/ k/:k----kingkitekeylookcookbookc----cardcatclimbcomeck----chickenblack/g/:g----baggogirlgood挑战自我(根据读音规则读读下列单词):backpackkeybatEdeatkidgetdadsad熟能生巧:Peterandbeessleepinabigjeep.Nickispickingabigpiginabigship.Bettysellsshellsonthebackofaredshell.JackhasablackcatandPathasablackbagPeriod2中元音:/ʌ// ɜ://ə/摩擦辅音:/f//v//θ//ð//s//z//ʃ//ʒ/发音要领:中元音:发音时舌身在口腔的中部,舌中部要稍稍抬起。摩擦音:发音时气流通道狭窄,但未完全阻塞,气流冲出时形成摩擦或震动而产生的声音。它们也是四组清辅音和浊辅音的对子。/f/--/v/,/θ/--/ð/,/s/--/z/,/ʃ/--/ʒ/。拼读练习(拼读下列音标,写出字母,单词及意思):/ef//vi://es//si://eks//zi://bi:f//desk//′sɪstə//dʌk//ɪz//sɪks//skɜ:t//ðæt//ðɪs//′æktɪv//bʌt//bi://fɪʃ//best//′stʌdɪ/找找规则(你可以根据下列单词找出发音规则吗?):/ ʌ/:u---upsupperfunguncupbuso---comemotherdoesbrotherloveaboveou---troubleyoung/ ɜ:/:ir---girlshirtskirtthirtythirteenthirdbirdur---turnburnnurseThursdayear---learnearnearthhearder---termheror---workwormworkworld/ə/:er---teacherleaderplayerspeakerfarmeror---doctoractorauthorvisitor/f/:f---fiveflyfineflagfrogfogroofknifelifewifegh---coughlaughroughph---physicphotophone/v/:v---veryeveningeveneveryvoice/θ/:th---thinkthankthreethirtytoothmouth/ð/:th---thatthisthosethesethough/s/:s---sixsitstudentsameseatss---kissmissse---horse,housec---cityce---piecejuicesciencepolice/z/:z---zoozebrazerose---closenosethosewhose/ʃ/:sh---sheepshipshoeshebrushwashs---sure/ʒ/:s---pleasureusually挑战自我:firstwordthebusteethsetoftheseTVdoesusPeterdessertthirtyseethirdfifthbirthactorspeakVictorSaturdaycityThursdaybusyother熟能生巧:1.It’sabird,wearingashirt,murmuringaword,andeatingbean-curd.2.Who’sfatter?Who’sbigger?Nooneguessesitbetter.Nobodygivesananswer.Period3后元音:/ɑ://ɔ://ɒ//u://ʊ/摩擦辅音:/ r// h//w// j/发音要领:后元音:发音时舌身靠近口腔的后部。后元音的发音特点是,它的口型是嘴越张越小,但口型却越合越圆。拼读练习(拼读下列音标,写出字母,单词及意思):/ɑ:// ju://kju://bɔ:d//dɒg//fɔ://hɔ:s//′ræbɪt//red//ʃɜ:t//′rɪvə//swi:t//ʃu:z//ʃɔ:t//′ɔ:gəst//freʃ//′dɒktə//sɒks//tu://wɒt//jes//jɔ://frɒst//bɪ′kɔ:s//dɔ://′wɔ:tə//grɑ:s//pɑ:k//pɑ:θ//bʊk//bɒks//wɒʃ//gʊd//′fɑ:ðə/找找规则(你可以根据下列单词找出发音规则吗?):/ɑ:/:ar—carfarmcardarmgardena--fatherfastclasslastglassplant/ɔ:/:al---smallwalltalktallhallballcallwalkor---shortmorehorseforfortysportau---authorcaughtautumnour---fourcourseyourar---warmquarterwaroor---doorflooraw---sawdrawore---morebeforescore/ɒ/:o---hotlostlotfoxboxnota--wantwashwhatwatch/U:/:o---dotwooo---foodmoonroombroomgoosetoothu---truetruthblueui---juicefruitsuitou---groupyousoupthroughew---flewbrew/ʊ/:u---putpullpusho---womenwhoseoo---lookgoodfootbookcookou---shouldcould/ r/:r---readredrightrunroomwritewr---writewrong/ h/:h---hothopehomehousehorsehowwh---whowhose/ j/:y---yesyearyouyouryellow/w/:w---windowwindwoodwaterwantwh---whenwhatwherewhichwhitewhy挑战自我:orbookhisherthreefourcardMaryBobGreenexcusedolosthedaughterdresserdrawerhatsoccergoodsportweeverycarrotbreakfastfruitstarracket熟能生巧:Peterandbeessleepinabigjeep.Nickispickingabigpiginabigship.Bettysellsshellsonthebackofaredshell.JackhasablackcatandPathasablackbag.Period4合口双元音:/eɪ//aɪ//ɔɪ//aʊ//əʊ/鼻音辅音:/m//n//ŋ/发音要领:合口双元音:发音时,由第一个音素滑向第二个音素,口形由大进变小。鼻音:发音时,气流从鼻腔中呼出。拼读练习(拼读下列音标,写出字母,单词及意思):/eɪ//keɪ//aɪ//əʊ//em//en//eɪt//maɪ//nɜ:s//pen//naɪn//nəʊ//′snəʊɪ//ðeɪ//taɪm//waɪt//bɪ′haɪnd//frend//deɪ//deɪt//faɪt//kaɪd//waɪ//jʌŋ//tə′deɪ//həʊm//′wɪndəʊ/找找规则(你可以根据下列单词找出发音规则吗?):/eɪ/:a---namecakelategateplaneay---playsaymaywayea---greatbreakai---rainpaintafraidwaitey---theygrey/aɪ/:i---bikefinefinddieninelightnighthighicey---mytryflyeye/ɔɪ/:oy---boytoyjoy/əʊ/:o---homecoldgonophoneow---knowlowbelowgrowblowshowoa---boatcoatgoal/aʊ/:ou---houseoutgroundcountsoundloudaroundmouseow---flowerdownnowcowhowtown/m/:m---manmakemoonmorningmovecome/n/:n---pentenninefinenightnoonmoonclean/ŋ/ :n在[k][g]音前---unclebankEnglishthinkthankjunkng---singkingmorningevening挑战自我:namenicehiboyfivephoneTonyMikeBrowneraserOKhowgamenotebookfoundDavidthosephotoDaveMonasofatheyknowvideotakesoundgreattomatoicecreamconversation熟能生巧:Onetwo,onetwo,gotothezoo.Threefour,threefour,openthedoor.Fivesix, five six,givemea kiss.Severeight,seveneight,putonmyhat.Nineten,clapyourhands.Nineten,clapyourhands.Springisgreen,Summerisbright,Autumnisgold,Winteriswhite.Yearinyearout,Weworkandfight,Foranewworldofredsunlight.Period5集中双元音:/ʊə/ /ɪə//eə/舌侧辅音:/l/(清晰音和含糊音)破擦辅音:/tʃ//dʒ/发音要领:集中双元音:发音时,由第一个音素滑向中元音/ə/,但是并不完全到这个部位。舌侧音:发音时,舌尖紧帖上齿龈,气流从舌的一侧或两侧逸出。清晰音出现在元音前;含糊音出现在辅音前或词尾。破擦音:发音时,舌尖和舌端抵住上齿龈后部形成阻碍。拼读练习(拼读下列音标,写出字母,单词及意思):/eɪtʃ//dʒi://dʒeɪ//el//′dʌblju://tʃeə//′tʃɪkən//lʌntʃ//brɪdʒ//klaɪm//leɪk//fɔ:l//sli:p//flaɪ//′ʌŋkəl//′ju:ʒəʊlɪ//gɜ:l//′sɔ:tɪ//′æpəl//blu://klɑ:s//kəʊld//mɪlk//′pensəl//ku:l//twelv//′ti:tʃə//′dʒækɪt//dʒʌmp//dʒu:n//dʒi:nz//′ɒrɪndʒ//wɪtʃ//nɪə//peə//ðeə//′pɪktʃə(r)//sku:l/找找规则(你可以根据下列单词找出发音规则吗?):/ɪə/:eer---beerdeerere---hereear---hearearneardearclearyearea---reallyidea/eə/:ear---pearbearair--chairairfairere---therewhereare---carefulshare/ʊə/:---poorsure/l/:l---longlandlendflylateblackworldcoldcouldcool/tʃ/:ch---childchickenChinachairlunchcatchteach/dʒ/:age(dge)---agelanguagecabbagevegetablestagebridgej---joyenjoyjoinJulyJunejunk挑战自我:playlongpencil-casehelloquestionlooklastgirlheredeartelephonefamilyspellbaseballvolleyballclubwatchcallwhereinterestingdifficultrelaxingChinareallyvegetablechildenjoy熟能生巧:It’sadeer,standinghere,drinkingmybeer,makingmecheer.Sittingonachair,combingitshair,andholdingapear.Springiscoming,Riversarerunning,Flowersareblooming,Treesareturning,Birdsaresinging,Beesarebuzzing,Kidsareplaying,Kidsareplaying.Period6首辅音连缀:/tr//dr/尾辅音连缀:/ts//dz/发音要领:拼读练习(拼读下列音标,写出字母,单词及意思):首辅音连缀:发音时,舌尖抵上齿龈后部以形成阻碍,几乎同时发出/t/与r/,形成/tr/,或同时发出/d/与/r/,形成/dr/。尾辅音连缀:发音时,舌尖贴住上齿龈,赌住气流,然后略微下降,气流随之泄出口腔。这两个辅音主要出现在以t/d结尾的单词加字母s时。拼读练习(拼读下列音标,写出单词及意思):/tri://′draɪvə//′bedru:m//strɪkt//dres//ɪts//lets//wɒts//pænts//strɒŋ/找找规则(你可以根据下列单词找出发音规则吗?):/tr/:tr---treecountrytrytreattracktrunk/dr/:dr---drydreamdropdrivedrink/ts/:ts---studentspantsboatsinsectsnuts/dz/:ds---bedsweekends神奇的字母家族字母家族名称字母/eɪ//i://aɪ//əʊ//jU://e//ɑ:/关于语音的几个概念:音节:音节的核心是元音,一个元音字母或几个元音字母可构成音节。单音节词:如果一个单词只包含一个音节,我们称它为单音节词。在单独存在时,单音节词一般是重读的。warmthreecanmathtenonefangrapecleanoldroadsmartthintallhouseinmeet双音节词:如果一个单词中包含两个音节,我们称它为双音节词。其中只有一个音节是重读的。brotherfarmermothercomputerfifteenmusicsevensunnythirteentwentybuildingclosetfunnytastytofumirrorcurtainanswernumberLindaparentcousintable多音节词:如果一个单词中包含三个或三个以上的音节,我们称它为多音节词。其中也有只有一个音节是重读的。有时侯还有一个次重音。bananaconditionerSaturdaykangarooSeptemberNovembertelephonesharpenercomputergrandmothertelevisioninterestingcollectionhamburgerbroccoli开音节:1)辅音+元音+辅音+不发音e。kitecakenamebikemaketakehomeplaneshine2)辅音+元音hehigonodobetreethreehello闭音节:1)辅音+元音+辅音sitbedbadbaghothopletmadmaphead2)元音+辅音itisofinonupoutant闭音节歌                 开音节,音节开,一元字母在后排;                 不怕一辅堵后门,还有哑e在门外。                 (拍手念)a,e,o,u,i就读a,e,o,u,i                 闭音节,音节闭,一元字母生闷气;                 辅音字母堵后门,一元字母音短急。                 (拍手念)a,e,o,u,i要读[æeɪɒʌ]。

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